Aflatoxins are toxins produced by a mold that grows in nuts, seeds, and legumes.
Function: Although aflatoxins are known to cause cancer in animals, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) allows them at low levels in nuts, seeds, and legumes because they are considered "unavoidable contaminants." The FDA believes occasionally eating small amounts of aflatoxin poses little risk over a lifetime. It is not practical to attempt to remove aflatoxin from food products in order to make them safer.
Age-appropriate diet for children 08/08/2007
Diet - age appropriate
Recommendations: BIRTH TO 4 MONTHS OF AGE During the first 4 - 6 months of life, infants need only breast milk or formula to meet all their nutritional needs. If breastfeeding , a newborn may need to nurse 8 - 12 times per day (every 2 - 4 hours), or on demand.
Alcohol and diet 05/02/2009
Liquor; Diet - alcohol
Function: Alcohol has about 7 calories per gram. These are considered "empty" calories because alcohol contains no beneficial nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals. A 12-ounce beer contains about 150 calories. Sugary, carbonated beverages and fruit juices contribute additional calories when mixed with alcohol in a cocktail.
Balanced diet 02/27/2008
Function: A well-balanced diet provides enough energy and nutrition for optimal growth and development.
Food Sources: Milk group (milk and milk products) Cheese Milk Yogurt Meat and beans group Legumes (beans and peas) Meat (chicken, fish, beef, pork, lamb) Nuts and seeds Fruit group Apples Berries Grapes Peaches Vegetable group Cauliflower Lettuce Spinach Squash Grain group (breads and cereals) Enriched breads Pasta Rice Whole-grain breads Oil Light salad dressing Low-fat mayonnaise Vegetable oil
Side Effects: An unbalanced diet can cause problems with maintenance of: Body tissues Brain and nervous system function Growth and development It can also cause problems with bone and muscle systems.
Breast milk 11/30/2008
Milk - human; Human milk; Milk - breast
Function: Breast milk is the perfect source of nutrition for infants. Breast milk contains appropriate amounts of carbohydrate, protein, and fat. It also provides the digestive proteins, minerals, vitamins, and hormones that infants need. Breast milk contains valuable antibodies from the mother that may help the baby resist infections. Healthy infants have adequate iron stores to last until 8 months of age. Iron-rich foods can be started at this age.
Recommendations: Choosing how and what to feed your baby is a personal decision that deserves careful and thorough consideration.
Breastfeeding - self-care 11/30/2008
Breast pump information; Nursing mothers - self-care
Recommendations: In general, lactating women should get nutrients from a well-balanced, varied diet, rather than from vitamin and mineral supplements. Eat generous amounts of fruits and vegetables, whole grain breads and cereals, calcium-rich dairy products, and protein-rich foods (meats, fish, and legumes).
Breastfeeding tips 11/30/2008
Function: Proper nipple care, positioning, appropriate nursing frequency, and other measures can prevent many common breastfeeding problems .
Recommendations: Most women's breasts have nipples that protrude slightly at rest and become erect when stimulated, as with cold. During pregnancy, the nipple and the pigmented area around it (areola) thicken in preparation for breastfeeding . Little glands (Montgomery glands) on the areola become more noticeable.
Caffeine in the diet 05/02/2009
Diet - caffeine
Function: Caffeine is absorbed and distributed very quickly. After absorption, it passes into the brain. Caffeine does not accumulate in the bloodstream nor is it stored in the body. It is excreted in the urine many hours after it has been consumed.
Calcium in diet 03/07/2009
Diet - calcium
Function: Calcium is one of the most important minerals for the growth, maintenance, and reproduction of the human body. Calcium helps form and maintain healthy teeth and bones. Proper levels of calcium over a lifetime can help prevent osteoporosis .