An open lung biopsy is surgery to remove a small piece of tissue from the lung. The sample is then examined for cancer , infection, or lung disease .
Biopsy - open lung
How the test is performed:
An open lung biopsy is done in a hospital operating room under general anesthesia , which means you are asleep and pain-free. A tube will be placed through the mouth and into the airway that leads to the lungs.
After cleaning the skin, the surgeon makes a cut in the chest area and removes a small piece of lung tissue. The wound is closed with stitches.
A chest tube may be left in place for 1 - 2 days to prevent the lung from collapsing.
How to prepare for the test:
You should tell the health care provider if you are pregnant, allergic to any medications, and if you have a bleeding problem. Be sure to tell the health care team which medications you are taking (including any herbal preparations).
You will be asked not to eat or drink for 8 to 12 hours before the procedure.
How the test will feel:
When you wake up after the procedure, you will feel drowsy for several hours. You may have a mild sore throat from the tube. You will feel some discomfort and pain at the site of the biopsy.
Why the test is performed:
The open lung biopsy is done to evaluate lung problems seen on x-ray or CT scan .
The lungs and lung tissue will be normal.
What abnormal results mean:
Abnormal results may indicate:
- Benign tumors
- Certain infections
- Lung diseases
The procedure may also help diagnose a number of different conditions.
What the risks are:
There is a possibility of infection or an air leak into the chest. Your risk depends on whether or not you already have lung disease .