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Normal anatomy:

The brain is located inside the cranium. The cranium is a set of bones which makes up the skull, and protects and holds the brain.


Normal anatomy


Indication:

Brain surgery may be needed to treat:

  • brain tumors
  • bleeding (hemorrhage) or blood clots (hematomas) from injuries (subdural hematoma or epidural hematomas)
  • weaknesses in blood vessels (cerebral aneurysms)
  • damage to tissues covering the brain (dura)
  • pockets of infection in the brain (brain abscesses)
  • severe nerve or facial pain (such as trigeminal neuralgia or tic douloureux)
  • epilepsy

Indication


Procedure:

The hair on part of the scalp is shaved. An incision is made through the scalp and a hole is drilled through the skull. A piece of the skull may be removed while the brain is being operated on and replaced before the skin is stitched closed. The surgery in which the brain is accessed through the skull is called "craniotomy".


Procedure


Aftercare:

The results depend on the source, severity, and location of the problem.


Aftercare



Review Date: 5/3/2007
Reviewed By: Robert A. Cowles, M.D., Assistant Professor of Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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789 Central Avenue, Dover, NH 03820
Phone: (603) 742-5252
Toll free: 1 (877) 201-7100