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Catheterization
Catheterization


Definition:

Intermittent catheterization is the temporary placement of a catheter (tube) to remove urine from the body. This is usually done by placing the catheter through the urethra (the tube that leads from the bladder to the outside opening) to empty the bladder.



Alternative Names:

Self-catheterization; CISC; CIC; Intermittent catheterization



Information:

INTERMITTENT CATHETERS:

Some people may need a catheter for a short period of time or occasionally. Short-term (intermittent) catheterization may be necessary for:

  • Anyone who is unable to properly empty the bladder
  • People with nervous system (neurological) disorders
  • Women who have had certain gynecological surgeries

The goal of intermittent catheterization is to:

Most people can learn how to perform this procedure.

To perform clean intermittent self-catheterization (CISC), the person must learn the basic location of the important parts of the urinary system.

The person must also be physically able to reach the urethra, and to move the equipment as necessary. People who are unable to see the urethra may be taught how to feel for the proper location of the urethral opening.

Catheters that are used for CISC are slightly different from the catheters used for long-term catheterization. A long-term catheter is held in place by a balloon. CISC catheters do not have this balloon or the side port, found at the end of the catheter, for balloon inflation.

CISC catheters may be made of a clear plastic or a softer rubber material. These catheters also come in a variety of sizes.

Although some catheters are disposable, some CISC catheters may be reused.

HOW TO PERFORM CISC (MEN):

1. Assemble all equipment: catheter, lubricant, drainage receptacle (container).

2. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water and clean the penis and opening of the urethra.

3. Lubricate the catheter.

4. Hold the penis on the sides, perpendicular to the body.

5. Begin to gently insert and advance the catheter.

6. You will meet resistance when you reach the level of the prostate. Try to relax by deep breathing, and continue to advance the catheter.

7. Once the urine flow starts, continue to advance the catheter another 1 inch. Hold it in place until the urine flow stops and the bladder is empty.

8. Remove the catheter in small steps to make sure the entire bladder empties.

9. Wash the catheter with soap and water. If the catheter is disposable, discard it right away. If it is reusable, rinse the catheter completely and dry the outside. Store the catheter in a clean, dry, secure location.

10. Record the amount of urine obtained, as instructed by your health care provider.

HOW TO PERFORM CISC (WOMEN):

1. Assemble all equipment: catheter, lubricant, drainage receptacle.

2. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water and clean the vulva and opening of the urethra.

3. Lubricate the catheter.

4. Locate the urethral opening. The opening is located below the clitoris and above the vagina.

5. Spread the lips of the vagina (labia) with the second and fourth finger, while using the middle finger to feel for the opening.

6. Begin to gently insert the catheter into the opening. Guide it upward as if toward the belly button.

7. Once the catheter has been inserted about 2 - 3 inches past the opening, urine will begin to flow.

8. Once the urine flow starts, continue to advance the catheter another 1 inch and hold it in place until the urine flow stops and the bladder is empty.

9. Withdraw the catheter in small steps to make sure the entire bladder empties.

10. Wash the catheter with soap and water. If the catheter is disposable, discard it right away. If it is reusable, rinse the catheter completely and dry the outside. Store the catheter in a clean, dry, secure location.

11. Record the amount of urine obtained, as instructed by your health care provider.

Some women may perform CISC standing up with one foot on the toilet. This position is also recommended when there is a question about the cleanliness of the toilet, such as in public facilities.

You may reuse a CISC catheter for 2 - 4 weeks. It may be helpful to soak the catheter in a white vinegar solution once a week to control odor and remove thick mucus deposits. Your health care provider may recommend other cleaning or sterilization techniques if you often get infections.



References:

Selius BA, Subedi R. Urinary retention in adults: diagnosis and initial management. Am Fam Physician. 2008;77:643-650.




Review Date: 5/22/2008
Reviewed By: Scott M. Gilbert, MD, Department of Urology, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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