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Candida, flourescent stain
Candida, flourescent stain


Candidal esophagitis
Candidal esophagitis


Upper gastrointestinal system
Upper gastrointestinal system


Definition:

Candida esophagitis is a fungal or yeast infection of the esophagus, the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach.

See also:



Alternative Names:

Candida infection - esophagus; Yeast infection - esophagus



Causes, incidence, and risk factors:

Candida esophagitis is caused by the yeast Candida. It occurs when the yeast spreads from the mouth down the esophagus.

The condition is often a sign of a weakened immune system. The following raise your risk for Candida infections:

  • AIDS
  • Chemotherapy
  • Diabetes
  • Leukemia or lymphoma
  • Organ transplants
  • Other conditions that suppress or weaken the immune system

Oral thrush or a yeast infection makes an immunocompromised person more likely to get esophagitis.



Symptoms:

Symptoms include:



Signs and tests:

Tests that show Candida include:



Treatment:

Antifungal medicines, taken by mouth or injection, are prescribed.



Expectations (prognosis):

Esophagitis can usually be treated effectively. The outcome depends upon the underlying immune system problem that makes the person susceptible to the infection.



Complications:
  • Holes in the esophagus
  • Recurrent infection
  • Spread of Candida to other sites


Calling your health care provider:

Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you develop symptoms of esophagitis, especially if you know that you are immunosuppressed .



Prevention:

Preventing AIDS lowers your risk for opportunistic infections, such as Candida. Opportunistic infections are infections by organisms that are not normally disease producing, but take advantage of a situation, such as a damaged immune system.

Good oral hygiene can reduce the risk of infection.




Review Date: 11/1/2007
Reviewed By: Kenneth M. Wener, M.D., Department of Infectious Diseases, Lahey Clinic, Burlington, MA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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Wentworth-Douglass Hospital
789 Central Avenue, Dover, NH 03820
Phone: (603) 742-5252
Toll free: 1 (877) 201-7100