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Fractured clavicle (infant)
Fractured clavicle (infant)


Definition:

A fractured clavicle in the newborn is a broken shoulder bone in a baby that was just delivered.



Alternative Names:

Fractured collar bone - newborn



Causes, incidence, and risk factors:

A fracture of a newborn's shoulder bone (clavicle) can occur during a difficult vaginal delivery. It is fairly common during difficult births.



Symptoms:

The baby will not move the painful, injured arm. Instead, the baby will hold it still against the side of the body. Lifting the baby under the arms causes the child pain. Sometimes the fracture can be felt with the fingers, but usually the problem cannot be seen or felt.

Within a few weeks, a hard lump may develop where the bone is healing. This lump may be the only sign that the newborn had a broken shoulder bone.



Signs and tests:

A chest x-ray will show whether or not there is a broken bone.

An infant's refusal to move an arm may also be due to partial dislocation of the elbow (nursemaid's elbow), nerve damage, infection, or other causes.



Treatment:

Generally, there is no treatment other than lifting the child gently to prevent discomfort. Occasionally, the arm on the affected side may be immobilized.



Support Groups:



Expectations (prognosis):

Full recovery occurs without treatment.



Complications:

There are usually no complications. Later in life, due to the excellent healing potential of infants, it may be impossible (even by x-ray) to tell that a fracture occurred.



Calling your health care provider:

Call for an appointment with your health care provider if your baby acts uncomfortable when you lift him or her.



Prevention:




Review Date: 10/15/2007
Reviewed By: Deirdre O’Reilly, MD, MPH, Neonatologist, Division of Newborn Medicine, Children’s Hospital Boston and Instructor in Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts. Review Provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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789 Central Avenue, Dover, NH 03820
Phone: (603) 742-5252
Toll free: 1 (877) 201-7100